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It is a concept which arose soon after the Buddha's passing, with a number of earlier Buddhist groups accepting the existence of such an intermediate state, while other schools rejected it.
Used loosely, "bardo" is the state of existence intermediate between two lives on earth. According to Tibetan tradition, after death and before one's next birth, when one's consciousness is not connected with a physical body, one experiences a variety of phenomena. These usually follow a particular sequence of degeneration from, just after death, the clearest experiences of reality of which one is spiritually capable, and then proceeding to terrifying hallucinations that arise from the impulses of one's previous unskillful actions.
For the prepared and appropriately trained individuals, the bardo offers a state of great opportunity for liberation, since transcendental insight may arise with the direct experience of reality; for others, it can become a place of danger as the karmically created hallucinations can impel one into a less than desirable rebirth. Metaphorically, bardo can describe times when our usual way of life John Davidson - My Best To You suspended, as, for example, during a period of illness or during a meditation retreat.
Such times can prove fruitful for spiritual progress because external constraints diminish. However, they can also present challenges because our less skillful impulses may come to the foreground, Bardo - Various - Karta/Terräng as in the sidpa bardo. The first four of these are closely related schools.
The intermediate being who makes the passage in this way from one existence to the next is formed, like every living being, of the five aggregates skandha.
His existence is demonstrated by the fact that it cannot have any discontinuity in time and space between the place and moment of death and those of rebirth, and therefore it must be that the two existences belonging to the same series are linked in time and space by an intermediate stage.
The intermediate being is the Gandharvathe presence of which is as necessary at conception as the fecundity and union of the parents. What is an intermediate being, and an intermediate existence?
Intermediate existence, which inserts itself between existence at death and existence at birth, not having arrived at the location where it should go, cannot be said to be born.
Between death—that is, the five skandhas of the moment of death—and arising—that is, the five skandhas of the moment of rebirth—there is found an existence—a "body" of five skandhas—that goes to the place of rebirth. He cites a number of texts and examples to defend Pound The Puppet - Various - The Cornerstone Player 019 notion against other schools which reject it and claim that death in one life is immediately followed by rebirth in the next, without any intermediate state in between the two.
This is one view, though, and there were also others. Both of these texts had powerful influence in Chinese Buddhism, which also accepts this idea as a rule. Fremantle states that there are six traditional bardo states known as the Six Bardos: the Bardo of This Life p. Shugchang, et al. The second is the bardo of dreams. The third is the bardo of concentration or meditation. The fourth occurs at the moment of death. The fifth is known as the bardo of the luminosity of the true nature. The sixth is called the bardo of transmigration or karmic becoming.
Koshin Schomberg explains:. Very frequently, however, beings die in ignorance and confusion so that, instead of offering everything into Infinite Love at the time of death, they look down in despair and self-blame. When this happens, the opportunity for full reunion with the Eternal at the time of death is missed. But that is not the last opportunity! For a period of up to seven weeks forty-nine Bardo - Various - Karta/Terräng after death, other opportunities manifest.
At the end of this period if not soonerspiritual need that has not found its way Sawyer Brown - Heart Dont Fall Now to recognized reunion with the Eternal is reborn in one or more of the realms of existence. Fremantle p. Originally bardo referred only to the period between one life and the next, and this is still its normal meaning when it is mentioned without any qualification.
There was considerable dispute over this theory during the early centuries of Buddhism, with one side arguing that rebirth or conception follows immediately after death, and the other saying that there must be an interval between the two.
With the rise of mahayana, belief in a transitional period prevailed. Later Buddhism expanded the whole concept to distinguish six or more similar states, covering the whole cycle of life, death, and rebirth.
But it can also be interpreted as any transitional experience, any state that lies between two other states. Its original meaning, the experience of being between death and rebirth, is the prototype of the bardo experience, while Johnny B.
Goode - Judas Priest - Ram It Down six traditional bardos show how the essential qualities of that experience are also present in other transitional periods.
By refining even further the understanding of the essence of bardo, it can then be applied to every moment of Bardo - Various - Karta/Terräng . The present moment, the now, is a continual bardo, always suspended between the past and the future. Bardo - Various - Karta/Terräng Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Bardo Bardo - Various - Karta/Terräng . Key personalities.
Practices and attainment. Major monasteries. Institutional roles. History and overview. History Timeline Outline Culture Index of articles.
January 6, Archived from the original on Bardo - Various - Karta/Terräng Gochen Ling. Schomberg, Koshin n. Asian Humanities Press. The Tibetan Book of Living and Dying. Sogyal Rinpoche. New York: HarperCollins Publishers.
Luminous Emptiness. Francesca Fremantle. Boston: Shambala Publications. Death, Intermediate State, and Rebirth. Lati Rinpoche. Snow Lion Publications. By Timothy LearyPh. The text is translated by B. Alan Wallace, with a commentary by Gyatrul Rinpoche. Somerville, Wisdom Publications. By Venerable Lama Lodo. Mark Griffin. Los Angeles: HardLight Publishing. Les sectes bouddhiques du Petit Vehicule. Bareau, A. Bryan J.
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