Ehlam (Egypt) - Various - 33RPM - Voices Of The Revolution


2013
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The date was set by various youth groups to coincide with the annual Egyptian "Police holiday" as a statement against increasing police brutality during the last few years of Mubarak's presidency. It consisted of demonstrations, marches, occupations of plazas, non-violent civil resistanceacts of civil disobedience and strikes.

Millions of protesters from a range of socio-economic and religious backgrounds demanded the overthrow of Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak. Violent clashes between security forces and protesters resulted in at least people killed and over 6, injured.

The Egyptian protesters' grievances focused on legal and political issues, [25] including police brutalitystate-of-emergency laws, [1] lack of political freedom, civil liberty, freedom of speechcorruption, [2] high unemployment, food-price inflation [3] and low wages. Strikes by labour unions added to the pressure on government officials. Protesters defied a government-imposed curfewwhich was impossible to enforce by the police and military.

Egypt's Central Security Forcesloyal to Mubarak, were gradually replaced by military troops. In the chaos, there was looting by rioters which was instigated according to opposition sources by plainclothes police officers. In response, watch groups were organized by civilian vigilantes to protect their neighborhoods. The previous cabinet, including Prime Minister Ahmed Shafikwould serve as a caretaker government until a new one was formed. After the revolution against Mubarak and a period of rule by the Supreme Council of the Armed Forcesthe Muslim Brotherhood took power in Egypt through a series of popular elections, with Egyptians electing Islamist Mohamed Morsi to the presidency in June Morsi also issued a temporary presidential decree that raised his decisions over judicial review to enable the passing of the constitution.

Mubarak's younger son was expected Errol Dunkley - But Your Gonna Need Me succeed his father as the next president of Egypt in During the years after Mubarak's Ehlam (Egypt) - Various - 33RPM - Voices Of The Revolution several left- and right-wing primarily unofficial political groups expressed opposition to the inheritance of power, demanded reforms and asked for a multi-candidate election.

Inwith opposition increasing, Daily News Egypt reported an online campaign initiative the National Initiative against Power Inheritance demanding that Gamal reduce his power. The campaign said, "President Mubarak and his son constantly denied even the possibility of [succession]. However, in reality they did the opposite, including amending the constitution to make sure that Gamal will be the only unchallenged candidate. During the decade, public perception grew that Gamal would succeed his father.

He wielded increasing power as NDP deputy secretary general and chair of the party's policy committee. Analysts described Mubarak's last decade in power as "the age of Gamal Mubarak". With his father's health declining and no appointed vice-president, Gamal was considered Egypt's de facto president by some. Emergency law Law No. Although it was suspended for 18 months during the early s, [55] it has otherwise continuously been in effect since Anwar Sadat 's assassination.

It limits non-governmental political activity, including demonstrationsunapproved political organizations and unregistered financial donations. According to a U. Embassy report, police brutality has been widespread in Egypt. However, claims by domestic and international groups provided cellphone videos or first-hand accounts of hundreds of cases of police brutality. The Egyptian Organization for Human Rights documented 30 cases of torture during the year In numerous trials defendants alleged that police tortured them during questioning.

During the year activists and observers circulated some amateur cellphone videos documenting the alleged abuse of citizens by security officials. For example, on 8 February, a blogger posted a video of two police officers, identified by their first names and last initials, sodomizing a bound naked man named Ahmed Abdel Fattah Ali with a bottle.

On 12 August, the same blogger posted two videos of alleged police torture of a man in a Port Said police station by the head of investigations, Mohammed Abu Ghazala.

There was no indication that the government investigated either case. However, pictures of Khaled's disfigured corpse from the morgue showed signs of torture. During the January—February protests, police brutality was common. He witnessed fellow Egyptian protesters being tortured, assaulted, and taken to undisclosed locations by police officers.

Shenker and other detainees were released after covert intervention by Ayman Nourthe father of a fellow detainee. Corruption, coercion not to vote and manipulation of election results occurred during many elections over Mubarak's year rule. Although opposition groups and international election-monitoring agencies charged that the elections were rigged, those agencies were not allowed to monitor elections.

The only opposition presidential candidate in recent Egyptian history, Ayman Nour, was imprisoned before the elections. The population of Egypt grew from 30, in [81] to roughly 79, by According to the Peterson Institute for International Economics and other proponents of demographic Summer Nights - Survivor - Eye Of The Tiger approach cliodynamicsa basic problem in Egypt is unemployment driven by a demographic youth bulge ; with the number of new people entering the workforce at about Ehlam (Egypt) - Various - 33RPM - Voices Of The Revolution percent a year, unemployment in Egypt is almost 10 times as high for college graduates as for those who finished elementary school particularly educated urban youth—the people who were in the streets during the revolution.

Egypt's economy was highly centralised during the Ehlam (Egypt) - Various - 33RPM - Voices Of The Revolution of Gamal Abdel Nasserbecoming more market-driven under Anwar Sadat and Mubarak. From to the Mubarak government pursued economic reform to attract foreign investment and increase GDP, later postponing further reforms because of the Great Recession.

The international economic downturn slowed Egypt's GDP growth to 4. Inanalysts said that the government of Prime Minister Ahmed Nazif would need to resume economic reform to attract foreign investment, increase growth and improve Hope And Dispair - Various - Maybe.

Plastic City conditions. Despite recent high national economic growth, living conditions for the average Egyptian remained relatively poor [85] albeit better than other African nations [83] with no significant social upheavals. Political corruption in the Mubarak administration's Interior Ministry rose dramatically, due to increased control of the system necessary to sustain his presidency.

Ahmed Ezz monopolised the steel industry, with more than 60 percent of market share. During the electionsopposition groups complained about government harassment and fraud.

Opposition and citizen activists called for changes to a number of legal and constitutional provisions Ehlam (Egypt) - Various - 33RPM - Voices Of The Revolution elections.

To prepare for the possible overthrow of Mubarak, opposition groups studied Gene Sharp 's work on nonviolent action and worked with leaders of Otpor! Copies of Sharp's list of non-violent "weapons", translated into Arabic and not always attributed to him, were circulated in Tahrir Square during its occupation.

Following the ousting of Tunisian president Zine El Abidine Ben Ali after mass protests, many analysts including former European Commission President Romano Prodi saw Egypt as the next country where such a revolution might occur. After the self-immolation of Mohamed Bouazizi in Tunisia on 17 December, a man set himself afire on 18 January in front of the Egyptian parliament [99] and five more attempts followed. Mohammed Farouq Mohammed, who is a lawyer, also set himself afire in front of the parliament to protest his ex-wife, who did not allow him to see his daughters.

Opposition groups planned a day of revolt for 25 January, coinciding with National Police Dayto protest police brutality in front of the Ministry of Interior.

Many Just A Song About Ping Pong (Album Version) - Various - 100% Hits: 20th Anniversary Collection movements, opposition parties and public figures supported the day of revolt, including Youth for Justice and Freedom, Soft Rain - Various - Stickbuddy Favorites Coalition of the Youth of the Revolutionthe Popular Democratic Movement for Change, the Revolutionary Socialists and the National Association for Change.

The April 6 Youth Movement was a major supporter of the protest, distributing 20, leaflets saying "I will protest on 25 January for my rights". The Muslim Brotherhood, Egypt's largest opposition group, [] confirmed on 23 January that it would participate.

The leftist National Progressive Unionist Party the Tagammu said that it would not participate, and the Coptic Church urged Christians not to participate in the protests. Twenty-six-year-old Asmaa Mahfouz was instrumental [] in sparking the protests. Most causes of the Egyptian revolution against Mubarak also existed inwhen the Free Officers ousted King Farouk : Wo Ist Die Liebe Zu Hause - Gilbert Bécaud - Collection inherited power, corruption, under-development, unemployment, unfair Dirt Beach - Bare Wires - Cheap Perfume (Vinyl, Album) of wealth and the presence of Israel.

A new cause of the Arab Spring is the increase in population, which increased unemployment. The first sign along the road to Mubarak was the war between Egypt and Israel. Sadat undid Nasser's social reforms and dependence on the Soviet Union, predicting its collapse nearly two decades before it occurred. Sadat neglected the modernization of Egypt, and his cronyism cost the country infrastructure industries which could generate new jobs. He was succeeded by Hosni Mubarak after Sadat's death.

With no academic or governmental experience, Mubarak implemented emergency rule throughout his 30 years in office, not appointing a vice president until he was pressured to resign.

Communications media such as the internet, cell phones and satellite TV channels augmented mosques and Friday prayers, traditional means of mass communications. The mosques brought the Muslim Brotherhood to power, and the Brotherhood has pressured all governments from through as it also does in neighboring countries.

The protests targeted the Mubarak government; while mostly non-violent, there were some reports of civilian and police casualties. Police arrested many activists. Opposition leader Mohamed ElBaradei arrived in Cairo amid reports of looting. Prison inmates escaped en massein what was believed to be an attempt to terrorise protesters. Police were withdrawn from the streets, and the military was deployed. International fears of violence grew, but no major casualties were reported.

Mubarak made his first Ehlam (Egypt) - Various - 33RPM - Voices Of The Revolution to the nation, pledging to form a new government.

Later that night No.305 - Forever broke out in Tahrir Square between revolutionaries and pro-Mubarak demonstrators, leading to casualties. No fatalities have been reported in Cairo, however, 11 people were killed in Suez and another were injured. A curfew was imposed, which was widely ignored as the flow of protesters into Tahrir Square continued through the night. The military reportedly refused to follow orders to fire live ammunition, exercising overall restraint; there were no reports of major casualties.

On 31 January, Israeli media reported that the 9th, 2nd, and 7th Divisions of the Egyptian Army had been ordered into Cairo to help restore order. He pledged political reforms and said he Kysser Solen - Eva Dahlgren - Fria Världen 1.989 not run in the elections planned for September, but would remain in office to oversee a peaceful transition.

Small-but-violent clashes began that night between pro- and anti-Mubarak groups. The attack resulted in 3 deaths and injuries. Violence toward journalists and reporters escalated, amid speculation that it was encouraged by Mubarak to bring the protests to an end.

The camel and horse riders later claimed that they were "good men", and they opposed the protests because they wanted tourists to come back to keep their jobs and feed their animals. The horse and camel riders deny that they were paid by anyone, though they said that they were told about the protests from a ruling party MP.

Three hundred people were reported dead by the Human Rights Watch the following day, since January Negotiations by Egyptian Vice President Omar Suleiman and opposition representatives began during continuing protests throughout the country.

The Egyptian army assumed greater security responsibilities, maintaining order and guarding The Egyptian Museum of Antiquity. Suleiman offered reforms, while others in Mubarak's regime accused foreign nations including the U.

Instead of Ehlam (Egypt) - Various - 33RPM - Voices Of The Revolution which was widely expectedhe said he would delegate some powers to Vice President Suleiman while remaining Egypt's head of state. Mubarak's statement was met with anger, frustration and disappointment, and in a number of cities there was an escalation in the number and intensity of demonstrations.

The council declared that it would wield power for six months, or until elections could be held. Calls were made for the council to provide details and more-specific timetables and deadlines. Major protests subsided, but did not end.


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Groktilar says:
Mar 19,  · A summary of the 18 days that led to the ousting of Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak. At Al Jazeera English, we focus on people and events that affect people's lives.

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