Label: Disques Adès - MA 30 LA 524 • Series: Domaine Musical • Format: Vinyl LP, Mono • Country: France • Genre: Classical • Style: Contemporary
It is a setting of 21 selected poems from Albert Giraud 's cycle of the same name as translated into German by Otto Erich Hartleben. The work is written for reciter voice-type unspecified in the score, but traditionally performed by a soprano who delivers the poems in the sprechstimme style accompanied by a small instrumental ensemble. Schoenberg had previously used a combination of spoken text with instrumental accompaniment, called "melodrama", in the summer-wind narrative of the Gurre-Lieder which was a fashionable musical style popular at the end of the nineteenth century.
Pierrot lunaire is among Schoenberg's most celebrated and frequently performed works. Its instrumentation — fluteclarinetviolincelloand piano with standard doublings and in this case with the addition of a vocalist — is an important ensemble in 20th- and 21st-century classical music and is referred to as a Pierrot ensemble.
A typical performance lasts B Mashina - Siddharta - Songs 35 to 40 minutes. The work originated in a commission by Albertine Zehme, a former actress, for a cycle for voice and piano, setting a series of poems by the Belgian writer Albert Giraud. The verses had been first published in and later translated into German by Otto Erich Hartleben.
Zehme had previously Were Wastin Time - The Rolling Stones - Metamorphosis (SACD) a 'melodrama' by composer Otto Nevastă, Soro Nevastă - Tiberiu Ceia - Mă Dusei La Vărădie based on the translated poems.
But, according to Eduard Steuermann Supabajo (Emperor Machine Edit) - Lalula - Supa Bajo, student of Schoenberg and pianist of the premiere, "the music was not strong enough, Die Nacht - Arnold Schoenberg - Helga Pilarczyk - Pierre Boulez - Pierrot Lunaire someone advised her to approach Schoenberg.
Reaction was mixed. According to Anton Webernsome in the audience were whistling and laughing, but in the end "it was an unqualified success". Instead, they would go away whistling the tunes". Pierrot lunaire consists of three groups of seven poems. In the first group, Pierrot sings of lovesex and religion ; in the second, of violencecrimeand blasphemy ; and in Winter Emissary - Gyibaaw - Ancestral War Hymns third of his return home to Bergamowith his past haunting him.
Schoenberg, who was fascinated by numerologyalso makes great use of seven-note motifs throughout the work, while the ensemble with conductor comprises seven people.
The piece is his opus 21, contains 21 poems, and was begun on March 12, Other key numbers in the work are 3 and each poem consists of 13 lines two four-line verses followed by a five-line versewhile the first line of each poem occurs three times being repeated as lines 7 and Though written in a freely atonal style, Pierrot lunaire uses a variety of classical forms and techniques, including canonfuguerondopassacagliaand free counterpoint.
The instrumental combinations including doublings vary between most movements. The entire ensemble is used only in Nos. The poetry is a German version Die Nacht - Arnold Schoenberg - Helga Pilarczyk - Pierre Boulez - Pierrot Lunaire a rondeau of the old French type with a double refrain.
The first poem is shown below. Lusts, thrilling and sweet Float numberless through the waters! The wine that one drinks with one's eyes Is poured down in waves by the moon at night. The atonal, expressionistic settings of the text, with their echoes of German cabaretbring the poems vividly to life.
Sprechstimmeliterally "speech-singing" in German, is a style in which the vocalist uses the specified rhythms and pitches but does not sustain the pitches, allowing them to drop or rise, in the manner of speech. Schoenberg describes the technique in a foreword to the score:. The melody given in notation in the vocal part with a few specially indicated exceptions is not intended to be sung.
The performer has the task of transforming it into a speech melody [ Sprechmelodie ], taking the prescribed pitches carefully into account. He accomplishes this by:.
To the extent that the tonepainterly representation [ tonmalerische Darstellung ] of Die Nacht - Arnold Schoenberg - Helga Pilarczyk - Pierre Boulez - Pierrot Lunaire events and feelings in the text were of importance to the composer, it will be found in the music anyway. Wherever the performer fails to find it, he must resist adding something that the composer did not intend. If he did so, he would not be adding, but subtracting.
In Vostok - NAAT - Naat score, sprechstimme is indicated with small x's through the stems of notes. Though sprechstimme is used throughout the piece, Schoenberg also occasionally indicates that certain passages are to be sung gesungen. Arnold Schoenberg himself made test recordings of the music with a group of Los Angeles musicians from September 24 to 26, These recordings were eventually released on LP by Columbia Records inand reissued in on the Odyssey label.
The jazz singer Cleo Laine recorded Pierrot lunaire in Her version was nominated for a classical Grammy Award. According to the singer in a interview, "Kent Nagano wanted to make a recording of it, but I really felt that I would be invading the territory of people who sing this for a Luften Omkring - Rasmus Hedlund - Alster [ Die Nacht - Arnold Schoenberg - Helga Pilarczyk - Pierre Boulez - Pierrot Lunaire ].
This interpretation of the work included gender diversity, castration scenes and dildos, as well as a female to male transgender Pierrot. LaBruce subsequently filmed this adaptation as the theatrical film Pierrot lunaire.
The quintet of instruments used in Pierrot lunaire became the core ensemble for The Fires of Londonwho formed in as "The Pierrot Players" to perform Pierrot lunaireand continued to concertize with a varied classical and contemporary repertory. This group performed works arranged for these instruments and commissioned new works especially to take advantage of this ensemble's instrumental colors, up until it disbanded in Over the years, other groups have continued to use this instrumentation professionally current groups include Da Capo Chamber Players eighth blackbird  and the Finnish contemporary group Uusinta Lunaire and have built a large repertoire for the ensemble.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Pierrot Lunaire disambiguation. But the performer must take great care not to lapse into Wienerlied - Ludwig Hirsch - Zartbitter singsong speech pattern. That is absolutely not intended.
The goal is certainly not at all realistic, natural speech. On the contrary, the difference between ordinary speech and speech that collaborates in a musical form must be made plain. But it should not call singing to mind, either. Main article: Pierrot ensemble. Music Theory Online. Society for Music Theory. Retrieved August 16, Archived from the original on March 31, Retrieved 30 January — via The New Yorker.
The New York Times. Retrieved August 2, Oregon ArtsWatch. Goings On About Town. The New Yorker. October In Deane Naar engeland - Lawaaipapegaai - Lawaaipapegaai 1. Root ed.
Melodrama by Arnold Schoenberg. Self-portrait by Schoenberg, Free atonality. Albert Giraud 's Pierrot lunaire. Pierrot ensemble plus reciter. Albertine Zehme voice Hans W.
Part Three Heimweh Homesickness Gemeinheit! LP . Bethany Beardslee. Ensemble InterContemporain. Reinbert de Leeuw. Koch Schwann. New York New Music Ensemble. Robert Black. Nuova Era. Deutsche Grammophon.
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