Blazhen Mouzh - Various - St. John Koukouzeles - Orthodox Chants

Label: Gega New - GD 101 • Format: CD Album • Country: Bulgaria • Genre: Non-Music, Classical • Style: Religious, Classical
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Koukouzelis was born in Durazzoat the time part of the Angevin Kingdom of Albania [4] in the late 13th century to an Albanian father [5] [6] [7] and a Bulgarian mother.

At a young age, he was noted and accepted into the school at the imperial court at Constantinople. Koukouzelis received his education at the Constantinople court vocal school and established himself as one of the leading authorities in his field during the time. A favourite of the Byzantine emperor and a principal choir chanter, he moved to Mount Athos and led a monastic way of life in the Great Lavra.

Because of his singing abilities, he was called "Angel-voiced". Koukouzelis established a new melodious "kalophonic" style of singing out of the sticherarion. Despite his innovations, Manuel assured that John Koukouzelis never contradicted the traditional method of the old sticherarion, not even in his anagrammatismoi.

Do not think therefore, that the performance of chant is simple, but rather that it is complex and of many forms. Therefore, they take over some melodies unchanged from tradition and from Somebody Elses Dream - Compton* - Comptons Soul music thus preserved as it is recorded in the old Sticherarion [the simple sticherarion according to the redaction and its variants since the 14th century]and they all follow the path unaltered throughout the entire composition.

The second composer always follows his predecessor and his successor follows him and, to put it simply, everyone retains the technique of the art. Ioannes Koukouzeles, the maistor, does not alter the stichera in his anagrammatismoi [the more deliberate compositions of a sticheron kalophonikon about the final section of a certain sticheron which usually also changed its text and reworked its melodic structure], but follows them step by Blazhen Mouzh - Various - St.

John Koukouzeles - Orthodox Chants , although, like composers now, he was entirely able indeed he was much more able to create his own original chants which had nothing in common with their prototype stichera [the simple sticheron as it was traditionally Blazhen Mouzh - Various - St.

John Koukouzeles - Orthodox Chants in the books of the sticherarion]. But, had he acted thus, he would neither acted correctly nor would he have thought that he had interpreted the science of composition befittingly. Therefore, he follows the path of the old stichera precisely and does not alter them at all, obeying the rules of the science.

But the use of just one notation system could seduce to the conclusion, that every chant genre has to be performed in the same way. Instead a huge number of different methods had to be observed, which were part of an oral tradition, sometimes even of a particular one which depended on a certain local school. However, the notation itself is sometimes not regarded as one system of its own, since it simply continued an already existing synthesis of many different notations like the one of the asmatikon within the notation developed in the monastic books of the sticherarion and the heirmologion.

John Koukouzelis is also regarded as the creator of a new chant book which replaced the former books of the cathedral rite, the book of the choir asmatikonand the book of the lampadarios or monophonaris who sometimes replaced the left choir. John Koukouzelis was obviously just one among a group of very talented musicians and reformers. Nevertheless, his legendary reputation caused I Get So Excited - The Equals - Their Greatest Hits he is often identified with the reform itself.

This identification is a common phenomenon in many Oriental and Andalusian traditions whose orally based transmission had never been completely abandoned. The kalophonic method of John Koukouzelis can be studied by means of a vocal exercise "Mega Ison" which offered 60 designations of vocal signs. Also this didactic chant was a redaction of a similar one by John Glykys which probably developed from a simple list of notation signs as an essential part of a treatise genre called Papadike.

The "exercise" mathema Mega Ison instead is a complex composition whose melos changes between all the echoi of the Papadic octoechos. In general it is useful to make a distinction between compositions which can be verified as the compositions by John Koukouzelis, and those which are simply based on the method which he taught as a stylistic category based on the kalophonic melos as exemplified by Mega Ison.

Even concerning famous compositions, their authorship is often a subject of scholarly debates whose concern is not always the talent of one individual composer—like the Polyeleoi of the Bulgarian Woman dedicated to his mother that, according to some researchers, contains elements of traditional Bulgarian mourning songs. Koukouzelis is regarded as the most influential figure in the music of his period.

He was later recognized as a saint by the Eastern Orthodox Churchhis feast day being on 1 October. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. John Koukouzelis. DurazzoEastern Roman Empire. This section may be too technical for most readers to understand. Please help improve it to make it understandable to non-expertswithout removing the technical details. February Learn how and when to remove this template message.

The art of Medieval Europe. Don Michael Randel ed. The Harvard concise dictionary of music and musicians 2nd ed. Harvard University Press. Evans, William D. Wixom There is no doubt his father was an Albanian Ruse Library website. Retrieved American contributions to the Twelfth International Congress of Slavists. For instance, the famous reformer of Byzantine music, loan Kukuzel ca.

Undying creativity: a pictorial journey through Macedonia. Love Games - Leo Sayer - Have You Ever Been In Love Kukuzelis". Orthodox America. The break with the former cathedral rite was less meant as an innovative act of certain composers in Constantinople, it was due to the historic fact that this tradition was definitely lost since the long exile of the court and the patriarchate during the thirteenth century.

Hence, even the kontakia did not come out of use, but its repertoire became very Blazhen Mouzh - Various - St. John Koukouzeles - Orthodox Chants and the few known kontakia were performed in a rather melismatic style which provoked further simplifications. In fact, even the traditional way to sing the sticheraric melos had been already so expanded, that the modern editions must all regarded as different efforts to abridge the traditional melos. Namespaces Article Talk.

Views Read Edit View history. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use Blazhen Mouzh - Various - St. John Koukouzeles - Orthodox Chants Privacy Policy. Reformer of Orthodox Church music. Eastern Orthodox Church. Wikimedia Commons has media related to John Koukouzeles.


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