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The Holy Lancealso known as the Lance of Longinus named after Saint Longinusthe Spear of Destinyor the Holy Spear is legendarily known as the lance that pierced the side of Jesus as he hung on the cross. The gospel states that the Romans planned to break Jesus' legs, a practice known as crurifragiumwhich was a method of hastening death during a crucifixion.
Just before they did so, they realized that Jesus Slayride - Spear Of Destiny - Thirty Years And Counting already dead and that there was no reason to break his legs. To make sure that he was dead, a Roman soldier named in extra-Biblical tradition as Longinus stabbed him in the side. The phenomenon of blood and water was considered a miracle by Origen. A ceremonial evocation of this is found in a Catholic Mass : The priest pours a small amount of water into the wine before the consecration, an act which acknowledges Christ's humanity and divinity and recalls the issuance of blood and water from Christ's side on the cross.
Saint Faustina Kowalskaa Polish nun whose advocacy and writings led to the establishment of the Divine Mercy devotion, also acknowledged the miraculous nature of the blood and water, explaining that the blood is a symbol of the divine mercy of Christ, while the water is a symbol of His divine compassion and of baptismal waters.
In most variants of the Orthodox Divine Liturgythe priest lances the host prosphoron with a liturgical spear before it is divided in honor of the Trinity, the Theotokos Virgin Maryand various other remembrances.
The deacon recites the relevant passage from the Gospel of Johnalong with sections of the Acts of the Apostles dealing with commemoration of the saints. Most of these pieces, set aside, become the antidoron to be distributed after the liturgy, a relic of the ancient agape of apostolic times, considered to be blessed but not consecrated or sanctified in the Western understanding. The main piece becomes The Lamb, the host that is consecrated on the altar and distributed to the faithful for Holy Communion.
A form of the name Longinus occurs on a miniature in the Rabula Gospels conserved in the Laurentian LibraryFlorencewhich was illuminated by one Rabulas in the year This is one of the earliest records of the name, if the inscription is not a later addition. The first historical reference to the lance was made by the pilgrim Antoninus of Piacenza AD in his descriptions of the holy places of Jerusalemwriting that he saw in the Basilica of Mount Zion "the crown of thorns with which Our Lord was crowned and the lance with which He was struck in the side"  : 18 although there is No.
9 - Jan Lundgren - Potsdamer Platz about the exact site to which he refers. The presence in Jerusalem of the relic is attested by Cassiodorus c. According to the Chronicon Paschalethe point of the lance, which had been broken off, was given in the same year to Nicetas, who took it to Constantinople and deposited it in the church of Hagia Sophiaand later to the Church of the Virgin of the Pharos. The point of the lance was then enshrined with the crown of thorns in the Sainte Chapelle in Paris.
As for the larger portion of the lance, Arculpus claimed he saw it at the Church of the Holy Sepulchre around in Jerusalem, but there is otherwise no mention of it after the sack in Some claim that the larger relic had been conveyed to Constantinople in the 8th century, possibly at the same time as the Crown of Thorns.
At any rate, its presence at Constantinople seems to be clearly attested by various pilgrims, particularly Russians, and, though it was deposited in various churches in succession, it seems possible to trace it and distinguish it from the relic of the point. Sir John Mandeville declared in that he had seen the blade of the Holy Lance both at Paris and at Constantinople, and that the latter was a much larger relic than the former; it is worth adding that Mandeville is not generally regarded as one of the Middle Ages' most reliable witnesses, and his supposed travels are usually treated as an eclectic amalgam of myths, legends and other fictions.
At this time great doubts as to its authenticity were felt at Rome, as Johann Burchard records,  because of the presence of other rival lances in Paris the point that had been separated from the lanceNuremberg see Holy Lance in Vienna belowand Armenia see Holy Lance in Echmiadzin below.
In the midth Slayride - Spear Of Destiny - Thirty Years And Counting Pope Benedict XIV states that he obtained from Paris an exact drawing of the point of the lance, and that in comparing it with the larger relic in St.
Peter's he was satisfied that the two had originally formed one blade. It is a typical winged lance of the Carolingian dynasty. This was based on the belief that the nail embedded in the spear-tip was one that had been used for the Crucifixion of Jesus.
It was only in the thirteenth century that the Lance became identified with that of Longinus, which had been used to pierce Christ's side and had been drenched in the blood of Christ and water.
Inthe Holy Lance was first used in a coronation ceremony. InSigismund had a collection of relics, including the lance, moved from his capital in Prague to his birthplace, Nurembergand decreed them to be kept there forever. This collection was called the Imperial Regalia Reichskleinodien.
When the French Revolutionary army approached Nuremberg in the spring ofthe city councilors decided to remove the Reichskleinodien to Vienna for The Loneliness Of The Long Distance Guitarist - Various - Guitar Workshop keeping. In Mein KampfHitler wrote that the Imperial Insignia "were still preserved in Vienna and appeared to act as magical relics rather than as the visible Slayride - Spear Of Destiny - Thirty Years And Counting of an everlasting bond of union.
When the Habsburg State crumbled to pieces inthe Austrian Germans instinctively raised an outcry for union with their German fatherland. They then transferred them to the Historischer Kunstbunkera bunker that had been built into some of the medieval cellars of old houses underneath Nuremberg Castle to protect historic art from air raids.
Most of the Regalia were recovered by the Allies at the end of the war, but the Nazis had hidden the five most important pieces in hopes of using them as political symbols to help them rally for a return to power, possibly at the command of Nazi Commander Heinrich Himmler.
Patton — became a special investigator in the Monuments, Fine Arts, and Archives program after the end of the war, and was tasked with tracking the missing pieces down. The Museum dates the Lance to the eighth century. Based on X-ray diffraction, fluorescence tests, and other noninvasive procedures, he dated the main body of the spear to the 7th century at the earliest   Feather stated in the same documentary that an iron pin — long claimed to be a nail from the crucifixion, hammered into the blade and set off by tiny brass crosses — is "consistent" in length and shape with a 1st-century A.
Roman nail. Not long afterward, researchers at the Interdisciplinary Research Institute for Archeology in Vienna used X-ray and other technology to examine a range of lances, and determined that the Vienna Lance dates from around the 8th to the beginning of the 9th century, with the nail apparently being of the same metal, and ruled Slayride - Spear Of Destiny - Thirty Years And Counting a connection with the time of the first century AD.
A Holy Lance is conserved in Vagharshapat previously known as Echmiadzinthe religious capital of Armenia. It was previously held in the monastery of Geghard. According to this text, the spear which pierced Jesus was to have been brought to Armenia by the Apostle Thaddeus. The manuscript does not specify precisely where it was kept, but the Holy Lance gives a description that exactly matches the lance, the monastery gate, since the thirteenth century precisely, the name of Geghardavank Monastery of the Holy Lance.
Inthe Russians captured Slayride - Spear Of Destiny - Thirty Years And Counting monastery and the relic was moved to Tchitchanov Geghard, TbilisiGeorgia. It was later returned to Armenia at Echmiadzin, where it is always visible Ashley MacIsaac, Howie MacDonald - Cape Breton Fiddle Music Not Calm the museum Manoogianenshrined in a 17th-century reliquary.
During the June Siege of Antiocha poor monk named Peter Bartholomew Feel The Fire - Various - Tuning & Car Audio that he had a vision in which St. Andrew told him that the Holy Lance was buried in the Church of St. Peter in Antioch.
After much digging in the cathedral, Bartholomew allegedly discovered a lance. Despite the doubts of many, including the papal legate Adhemar of Le Puythe discovery of the Holy Lance of Antioch inspired the starving Crusaders to break the siege and secure the city.
However, German records indicate that it was a copy of the Vienna lance. Emperor Henry II had it made with a small sliver of the original lance. In his opera Parsifal Slayride - Spear Of Destiny - Thirty Years And Counting , Richard Wagner identifies the Holy Spear with two items that appear in Wolfram von Eschenbach 's medieval poem Parzival : a bleeding spear in the Castle of the Grail and the Fish - Daniel Johnston - Fear Yourself that has wounded the Fisher King.
The opera's plot concerns the consequences of the spear's loss by the Knights of the Grail and its recovery by Parsifal. Having decided that the blood on the Spear was that of the wounded Saviour — Jesus is never named in the opera — Wagner has the blood manifest itself in the Grail rather than on the spearhead. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Spear of Destiny. Flase Starts - No Artist - Motor Car: Ford Escort 1300 (Manual) (Interior) other uses, see Spear of Destiny disambiguation.
Further information: Lamb liturgy. Main article: Longinus. London: Palestine Pilgrims' Text Society. Retrieved 16 April Archived from the original on 1 January Retrieved 19 December Denison; Power, Eileen, eds. Pero Tafur: Travels and Adventures Translated by Letts, Malcolm. Archived from the original on 29 June Retrieved 1 April Kunsthistorisches Slayride - Spear Of Destiny - Thirty Years And Counting . Retrieved 25 June Archived from the original on 26 June Mein Kampf [ My Struggle ].
Translated by Murphy, James. Project Gutenberg of Australia. Archives of American Art. The Smithsonian Institution. Archived from the Somethings Gotta Give - Various - Jazz Spectrum on 3 August Archived from the original on 12 November Cambridge University Press.
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