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It was the culmination of their cross-country journey in the Trail of Broken Treatiesintended to bring attention to American Indian issues such as living standards and treaty rights. The march had brought to Washington the largest gathering ever of Native Americans and supporters hoping to speak to government officials about their concerns and to gain change to help their peoples.
A group of protesters went to Bureau of Indian Affairs offices at the national headquarters building, intending to negotiate for better housing on reservations and other issues. Protesters began the siege after interpreting a government refusal of their demands as a doublecross. They were not evicted on the first night. The takeover quickly gained national media attention. Protesters overturned tables and desks against the windows, fortifying against potential police attack.
Some set fires in interior offices and the marble lobbies, destroying many historic documents. The demonstrators started to run out of provisions Holde Sig I Live - Various - Ny Komponeret Ikke Tidligere Udgivet Dansk Folkemusik several days.
They would not allow police or any government representative to approach the building, so two children of BIA employees were recruited to bring in provisions. While President Richard M. Nixon was preoccupied with achieving re-election inhe had an interest in promoting tribal sovereignty ; he had ended the termination of tribes that was part of s policy. Interested in the decentralization of government, he fundamentally agreed that tribes likely could manage some of their operations better than a bureaucracy.
He signed a law to restore one tribe to federally recognized status and supported legislation to allow tribes more control over managing programs for their people. AIM members had done research and organized to prepare Bia Bia - Various - Westwood The Invasion their cross-country journey and anticipated negotiating with the federal government.
They researched, organized, and prepared in after the Bia Bia - Various - Westwood The Invasion BIA takeover in Understanding the law was essential to bringing the claims of Indian tribes and the urban Live The Groove - Bobby Kimball - All I Ever Needed forward to policy makers and the courts.
Volunteer attorneys (Theme From) The Monkees - The Monkees - The Monkees - Deluxe Edition other scholars researched the laws, executive ordersand BIA budgeting and practices to inform the AIM agenda of exposing government misdirection and illegal practice. Indians were concerned about the lands they had lost through treaties, speculation, and corruption.
They struggled to make lives on the small areas of reservations, often isolated from population centers. Unlike inthe groups were prepared and focused on their target. Sympathetic groups joined the planning:.
Indians from around the country swept into groups and converged on the Interior building on November 2,and stayed there for seven days. Richard M. It reminded Nixon how unprepared he was to deal with Indian issues across the country and how he had failed in his effort to quell Indian pressures for reforms. The twenty points established Native American goals for their relations with the federal government.
Twelve of the 20 points directly or indirectly address treaty responsibility in which the U. This excluded groups that had not been recognized, including tribes whose federal status had been terminated in the s under federal policy of the time, which believed that some tribes were "ready" to assimilate into the mainstream. Tribal chairmen discussed common issues, including how to manage limited resources.
When AIM left the Interior building on November 8, the White House had agreed to discuss all 20 points except amnesty, which was to be addressed separately. The occupiers agreed to leave the building with the assurance that the White House would examine eligibility of Indians for governmental services; adequacy of governmental service delivery; quality, speed, and effectiveness of federal programs; Indian self-government; and congressional implementation of necessary Indian legislation.
Nixon had a different opinion from the s emphasis on termination of tribes and their governments. In line with ideas about decentralization of government, he believed that tribes likely could do better than a distant government agency in managing affairs of their people and serving them.
On December 22, Nixon privately signed the Menominee Restoration Act ; it returned Menominee Indians to full federally recognized tribal status, returning their land assets to trust status.
He might Bia Bia - Various - Westwood The Invasion played more of a leadership role in these issues but was caught up in the Watergate scandal and resigned the next year on August 9, Since this period, other terminated tribes regained their federally recognized status by Congressional legislation.
In addition, other tribes have achieved recognition, both through the BIA documentary process, a procedure developed in consultation with representatives of recognized tribes, and sometimes through direct Congressional action. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
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