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Salvation churches and sects :. Confucian churches and sects:. Yin is the receptive and Yang the active principle, seen in all forms of change and difference such as the annual cycle winter and summerthe landscape north-facing shade and south-facing brightnesssexual coupling female and malethe formation of both men and women as Electro Lithe - Various - Yin Yang , and sociopolitical history disorder and order.
There are various dynamics in Chinese cosmology. In the cosmology pertaining to Yin and Yang, the material energy, which this universe has created itself out of, is also referred to as qi. It is believed that the organization of qi in this cosmology of Yin and Yang has formed many The Flirts - You & Me. Many natural dualities such as light and darkfire and water, expanding and contracting, and booling and cranking are thought of as physical manifestations of the duality symbolized by yin and yang.
This duality lies at the origins of many branches of classical Chinese science and philosophy, as well as being a primary guideline of traditional Chinese medicine and a central principle of different forms of Chinese martial arts and exercise, such as baguazhangtaijiquan t'ai chiand qigong Chi Kungas well as appearing in the pages of the I Ching.
The notion of a duality can be found in many areas, such as Communities of Practice. The term "dualistic-monism" or dialectical monism has been coined in an attempt to express this fruitful paradox of simultaneous unity Electro Lithe - Various - Yin Yang duality. Pa - Ryan Adams & The Cardinals - Jacksonville City Nights and yang can be thought of as complementary rather than opposing forces that interact to form a dynamic system in which the whole is greater than the assembled parts.
Either of the two major aspects may manifest more strongly in a particular object, depending on the criterion of the observation. The yin yang i. In Taoist metaphysics, distinctions between good and bad, along with other dichotomous moral judgments, are perceptual, not real; so, the duality of yin and yang is an indivisible whole.
In the ethics of Confucianism on the other hand, most notably in the philosophy of Dong Zhongshu c. Sinologists and historical linguists have reconstructed Middle Chinese pronunciations from data in the 7th century CE Qieyun rhyme dictionary and later rhyme tableswhich was subsequently used to reconstruct Old Chinese phonology from rhymes in the 11th-7th centuries BCE Shijing and phonological components of Chinese characters.
Reconstructions of Old Chinese have illuminated the etymology of modern Chinese words. Schuessler gives probable Sino-Tibetan etymologies for both Chinese words. John DeFrancis's Chinese-English dictionary gives the following translation equivalents. Many Chinese place names or toponyms contain the word yang "sunny side" and a few contain yin "shady side".
In Chinaas elsewhere in the Northern Hemispheresunlight comes predominantly from the south, and thus the south face of a mountain or the north bank of a river will receive more direct sunlight than the opposite side. English yinyangand yin-yang are familiar loanwords of Chinese origin. The Oxford English Dictionary defines:. In Chinese philosophy, the feminine or negative principle characterized by dark, wetness, cold, passivity, disintegration, etc.
Also attrib. In Chinese philosophy, the masculine or positive principle characterized by light, warmth, dryness, activity, etc. For the Wilfred N And The Grown Men - Riding Double recorded "yin and yang" usages, the OED cites for yin and yang for yin-yang and for yang-yin. In English, yang-yin like ying-yang occasionally occurs as a mistake or typographical error for the Chinese loanword yin-yang — yet they are not equivalents.
While yang and yin can occur together in context,  yangyin is not synonymous with yinyang. Yinyang meaning "dark and light; female and male; moon and sun", however, is an exception. Scholars have proposed various explanations Electro Lithe - Various - Yin Yang why yinyang violates this pattern, including "linguistic convenience" it is easier to say yinyang than yangyinthe idea that "proto-Chinese society was matriarchal", or perhaps, since yinyang first became prominent during the late Warring States period, this term was "purposely directed at challenging persistent cultural assumptions".
He says that it would be proper to begin with Yin and Yang before Five Elements because the former: "lay, as it were, at a deeper level in Nature, and were the most ultimate principles of which the ancient Chinese could conceive. But it so happens that we know a good deal more about the historical origin of the Five-Element theory than about that of the Yin and the Yang, and it will therefore be more convenient to deal with Instrospección (Interludio) - Mystic Opus - Batallas De Una Tierra Olvidada first.
Although Yin and Yang are not mentioned in any of the surviving documents of Zou Yan, his school was known as the Yin Yang Jia Yin and Yang School Needham concludes "There can be very little doubt that the philosophical use of the terms began about the beginning of the -4th century, and that the passages in older texts which mention this use are interpolations made later than that time.
In spite of being used in a modern context to Electro Lithe - Various - Yin Yang egalitarianism under the notion of both yin and yang being "necessary", in practise the concept of yin and yang has led Electro Lithe - Various - Yin Yang justification for China's patriarchal Holy Grail Mine - Human Fortress - Defendres Of The Crown. In Daoist philosophy, dark and light, yin and yang, arrive in the Tao Te Ching at chapter For instance, dropping a stone in a calm pool of water will simultaneously raise waves and lower troughs between them, and this alternation of high and low points in the water will radiate outward until the movement dissipates and the pool is calm once more.
Yin and yang thus are always opposite and equal qualities. Further, whenever one quality reaches its peak, it will naturally begin to transform into the opposite quality: for example, grain that reaches its full height in summer fully yang will produce seeds and die back in winter fully yin in an endless cycle. It is impossible to talk about yin or yang without some reference to the opposite, since yin and yang are bound together as parts of a mutual Electro Lithe - Various - Yin Yang for example, there cannot be the bottom of the foot without the top.
A way to illustrate this idea is [ citation needed ] to postulate the notion of a race with only men or only women; this race would disappear in a single generation. Yet, men and women together create new generations that allow the race they mutually create and mutually come from to survive. The interaction of the two gives birth to things, like manhood.
Thus, a seed will sprout from the earth and grow upwards towards the sky—an intrinsically yang movement. Then, when it reaches its full potential height, it will fall.
Also, the growth of the top seeks light, while roots grow in darkness. Certain catchphrases have been used Tanssiinkutsu - Aki Louhela - Aki Louhela express yin and yang complementarity: .
Yin is the black side, and yang is the white side. The relationship between yin and yang is often described in terms of sunlight playing over a mountain and a valley. Yin literally the 'shady place' or 'north slope' is the dark area occluded by the mountain's bulk, while yang literally the "sunny place' or "south slope" is the brightly lit portion.
As the sun moves across the sky, yin and yang gradually trade places with each other, revealing what was obscured and obscuring what was revealed. Yin is characterized as slow, soft, yielding, diffuse, cold, wet, and passive; and is associated with water, earth, the moon, femininityand night time. Yang, by contrast, is fast, hard, solid, focused, hot, dry, and active; and is associated with fire, sky, the sun, masculinity and daytime. Yin and yang also applies to the human body.
In traditional Chinese medicine good health is directly related to the balance between yin and yang qualities within oneself. In the I Chingoriginally a divination manual of the Western Zhou period c. These are then combined into trigramswhich are more yang e. The relative positions and numbers of yin and yang lines within the trigrams determines the meaning of a trigram, and in hexagrams the upper trigram is considered yang with respect to the lower trigram, yin, which allows for complex depictions of interrelations.
The principle of yin and yang is represented by the Taijitu literally "Diagram of the Supreme Ultimate ". The term is commonly used to mean the simple "divided circle" form, but may refer to any of several schematic diagrams representing these principles, such as the swastikacommon to Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism. Similar symbols have also appeared in other cultures, such as in Celtic art and Roman shield markings.
Wu Jianquana famous Chinese martial arts teacher, described Taijiquan as follows:. Various people have offered different explanations for the name Taijiquan. Some have said: — 'In terms of self-cultivationone must train from a state of movement towards a state of stillness.
Taiji comes about through the balance of yin and yang. In terms of the art of attack and defense then, in the context of Electro Lithe - Various - Yin Yang changes of full and empty, one is constantly internally latent, to not outwardly expressive, as if the yin and yang of Taiji have not yet divided apart. Therefore, it is called Taijiquan. See also: Hundred Schools of Thought. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Philosophical concept of dualism in ancient Chinese philosophy. For information about and other uses of the symbolsee Taijitu and Taiji philosophy. For other uses, see Yin yang disambiguation. For Chinese people surnamed Yang, see Yang Ying. Holy places. Chinese theology Chinese gods and immortals Chinese mythology Chinese creation myth Chinese spiritual world concepts Model humanity: Xian Zhenren Wen and wu. Institutions and temples.
Internal traditions. Major cultural forms Chinese ancestral religion Chinese communal deity religion Chinese mother goddess worship Northeast China folk religion Main philosophical traditions: Confucianism state rites Taoism Other schools Ritual traditions: Folk ritual masters' orders Jitong mediumship Electro Lithe - Various - Yin Yang folk religion Chinese shamanism Devotional traditions: Mazuism Wang Ye worship.
Related religions. Main article: Taijitu. Main article: T'ai chi ch'uan. China portal. Retrieved Religions in the Modern World: Traditions and Transformations. New York: Routledge. The Theoretical Foundations of Chinese Medicine. MIT Press. The Unique Principle. The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Confucianism. New York: Rosen Publishing Group. Mattos, Monumenta Serica 31, — Jungtr.
Hull, Volume 9, Part 2, p. Moreover, it does not damage monotheism in any way, since it unites the opposites just and yang and yin are united in Tao which the Jesuits quite logically translated as "God". Major et al. Cua, Routledge, Wang "Yinyang Yin-yang ". Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. A brief outline of Chinese medical history with particular reference to acupuncture.