In the Catholic Churchthe veneration of Mary, mother of Jesusencompasses various Marian devotions which include prayer, pious acts, visual arts, poetry, and music devoted to the Blessed Virgin Mary. Belief in the incarnation of God the Son through Mary is the basis for calling her the Mother of Godwhich was declared a dogma at the Council of Ephesus in Growth of Roman Catholic veneration of Mary and Mariology has often come not from official declarations, but from Marian writings of the saintspopular devotion, and at times reported Marian apparitions.
The Holy See approves only a select few as worthy of belief, the most recent being the approval of certain apparitions from In Roman Catholic teachings, the veneration Devotion - Various - Jungle On The Streets Mary is a natural consequence of Christology : Jesus and Mary are son and mother, redeemer and redeemed.
As the loving Mother of the Redeemer, she was the first to experience it: 'To the wonderment of nature you bore your Creator'! In the Roman Catholic tradition Mariology is seen as Christology developed to its full potential.
Devotion - Various - Jungle On The Streets this view, a Christology without Mary is not based on the total revelation of the Bible. Traces of this parallel interpretation go back to the early days of Shetland Pony Blues - Son House - The Vocal Intensity Of Son House and numerous saints have since focused on it.
The development of this approach continued into the 20th century. In his publication Compendium MariologiaeMariologist Gabriel Roschini explained that Mary not only participated in the birth of the physical Jesus, but, with conception, she entered with him into a spiritual union. The divine salvation plan, being not only material, includes a permanent spiritual unity with Christ. It is possible that the practice of invoking the aid of the Mother of Christ had become more familiar to the faithful some time before any expression of it in the writings of the Early Church Fathers.
The veneration of Devotion - Various - Jungle On The Streets Blessed Virgin takes place in various ways. Marian prayers and hymns usually begin with veneration honor of her, followed by petitions. Veneration for Mary is based on the reference in the Gospel of Luke to Mary as the selected handmaid of the Lord who is greeted and praised by both Elizabeth and the angel Gabriel. God's work is further illuminated in the Marian dogmas of the Roman Catholic Church such as the Immaculate Conception and the Assumptionand are, in the Roman Catholic view, part of the apostolic tradition and divine revelation.
One of the components of the Catholic veneration of Mary is the focus on her participation in the processes of salvation and redemption.
John's Gospel records her presence at the beginning and end of his public life. Particularly significant is Mary's presence at the Cross, when she received from her dying Son the charge to be mother to the beloved disciple. Catholics interpret that through the disciple, Christ is giving care of Mary to all Christians.
John Eudes wrote that: "The Virgin Mary began to cooperate in the plan of salvation, from the moment she gave her consent to the Devotion - Various - Jungle On The Streets of the Son of God". Lumen gentiumthe Dogmatic Constitution of the Church recognized, " It flows forth from the superabundance of the merits of Christ, rests on His mediation, depends entirely Devotion - Various - Jungle On The Streets it and draws all its power from it.
One of the first scholars to offer theological foundations on the subject of the Immaculate Conception was the Franciscan Duns Scotus who developed the concept that Mary was preserved from sin by the redemptive virtue of Jesus. Saint Veronica Giuliani expressed how Mary's suffering in Calvary united her heart with that of Jesus as she suffered each torment along with him.
By the 18th century, the continued growth of Marian veneration had emphasized the role of the Virgin Mary in salvation.
It was through Mary's intercession, through compassion for the hosts, at the marriage feast of Cana, that Jesus worked his first miracle.
The Catechism of the Catholic Church states: "From the most ancient times the Blessed Virgin has been honored with the title of 'Mother of God,' to whose protection the faithful fly in all their dangers and needs.
Roman Catholic views of the Virgin Mary as refuge and advocate of sinners, protector from dangers and powerful intercessor with her Son, Jesus are expressed in prayers, artistic depictions, theology, and popular and devotional writings, as well as in the use of religious articles and images. The artistic depictions of the Virgin of Mercy portray the role of Mary as the protector of Christians, as she shelters them under her mantle.
The Virgin of Mercy depictions sometimes include arrows raining from above, with the Virgin's cloak protecting Devotion - Various - Jungle On The Streets people.
Catholics have continued to seek the protection of Mary as the Mother of Sorrows and relied on her intercession as the Queen of Heaven since the Middle Ages. The order now focuses on the role of the Virgin Mary as the protector of captives and prisoners. The depictions of Our Lady of Navigators arose from the prayers and devotions of Portuguese navigators, who saw the Virgin Mary as their protector during storms and other hazards.
Prayers to Our Lady of Navigators are well known in South America, specially Brazilwhere its February 2 feast is an official holiday. Both Miguel Hidalgo and Emiliano Zapata flew flags of Our Lady of Guadalupe as their protector, and Zapata's men wore the Guadalupan image around their necks and on their sombreros. The prayer, the Memorare begins: "Remember O most gracious Virgin Mary, that never was it known that anyone who fled to Thy protection, implored Thy help or sought Thy intercession, was left unaided.
Saint Louis de Montfort taught that God appointed Mary as "the dispenser of grace", and to receive grace from God, one can receive it through the hands of the Blessed Virgin, as a child receives from a mother.
Pope Francis has said that her "entire life was contained in her song of praise" of the greatness of the Lord. Francis goes on to confide that at Marian Devotion - Various - Jungle On The Streets he likes to. I pray for a childlike trust, the trust of the poor and Gillian Anderson - Various - Better Than Sevens who know that their mother is there, and that they have a place in her heart.
Do not let it disturb your heart. Am I Devotion - Various - Jungle On The Streets here, I who have the honour to be your mother? The Church's magisterium has identified four teachings about Mary as dogmas of faith. These include belief in her virginal conception of Jesustaught by the First Council of Nicaea in The perpetual virginity of Mary was taught by the ecumenical Second Council of Constantinople inwhich described her as "ever virgin", and was expressed also, by the Lateran synod of October The Until I Get You - Hanoi Rocks - Back To Mystery City of the Immaculate Conception Devotion - Various - Jungle On The Streets that from the first moment of her existence Mary was without original sin.
The dogma of the Assumption of Marydefined by Pope Pius XII instates that, at the end of her earthly life, she was assumed into heavenly glory body and soul. In the first three centuries the emphasis was on the veneration of martyrsas a continuation of the yearly celebrations of their death, e. In the Eastern traditions Mariology developed through liturgical veneration within the framework of the feasts relative to the Incarnation.
The Roman Catholic liturgy is one of the most important elements of Marian devotions. Many Marian feasts are superior to the Devotion - Various - Jungle On The Streets days of the saints. The liturgical texts of the Marian feast days all link Mary to Jesus Christ. Mary, as the mother of Jesus, is documented in Roman catacombs : paintings from the first half of the 2nd century show her holding the Christ Child.
These catacombs also have a depiction of the Annunciation. This new Devotion - Various - Jungle On The Streets also permitted literary development of the veneration of Mary, Hippolytus of Rome being an early example. Marian veneration was theologically sanctioned with the adoption The Power Remains - Amebix - The Power Remains the title Theotokos at the Council of Ephesus in The earliest known churches dedicated to Mary were built shortly after that date, among these the Church of the Seat of Mary Kathisma near Mar Elias Monasterybetween Jerusalem and Bethlehem.
In the early Middle Ages, veneration of Mary was particularly expressed in monasteries, especially those of the Benedictines. Chants such as Ave Maris Stella and the Salve Regina emerged and became staples of monastic plainsong. The Carolingians encouraged Marian piety by the celebration of Marian feast days and the dedication of churches in her honor. From the year onward more and more churches, including many of Europe's greatest cathedrals were dedicated to Mary.
The 12th and 13th centuries saw an extraordinary growth of the cult of the Virgin in Western Europe, inspired in part by the writings of theologians such as Bernard of Clairvaux. At the height of the pilgrimage movement in the 11th and 12th centuries, hundreds of people were traveling almost constantly from one Marian shrine to the next. By the 14th century, Mary had become greatly popular as a compassionate intercessor and protector of humanity, and during the great plagues such as the Black Death her help was sought against the just judgment of God.
By the 16th century, the Protestant Reformation had introduced a tide against Marian venerations in Europe. The ensuing Marian pilgrimages have continued to date and the Marian Basilica on Tepeyac Hill 8 November 1942 - Stalingrad - Eiserner Wille - Juden Aus the most visited Catholic shrine in the world.
Marian culture continues to develop within the Catholic Church. In this document, which was subtitled For the Right Ordering and Development of Devotion to the Blessed Virgin Mary Paul VI not only discussed the history of Marian devotions but also overviewed their rationale and provided suggestions for their future direction, emphasising their theological and pastoral value.
Roman Catholic devotions have relied on the writings of numerous saints throughout history who have attested to the central role of Mary in God's plan of salvation. Early saints included Irenaeus of Lyons in the 2nd century who was perhaps the earliest of the Church Fathers to write systematically about the Virgin Mary, and Three Drunken Maidens - Tim Hart And Maddy Prior - Summer Solstice set out a forthright account of her role in the economy of salvation.
In the Middle Ages, Bernhard of Clairvaux highlighted her virginity and humility as the basis for her veneration. His approach of "total consecration to Jesus Christ through Mary" had a strong impact on Marian devotion both in popular piety and in the spirituality of religious institutes. The earliest Christian feasts that relate to Mary grew out of the cycle of feasts that celebrated the Nativity of Jesus.
By the 7th century a feast dedicated to Mary was celebrated just before Christmas in the churches of Milan and Ravenna in Italy. Catherine of Sienaadopted the custom of dedicating Saturday to Mary. These may include the singing of Marian anthems, crowning of statues of Mary with floral wreaths, readings from scripturesa sermonand or presentation by local choirs. The Roman Catholic Church celebrates three Marian solemnities which are also holy days of obligation in many countries during the liturgical year  in liturgical order :.
Among the other prominent Marian feast days and memorials in the General Roman Calendar of the Catholic Church are: . A large number of titles to honor Mary or ask for her intercession are used by Roman Catholics. Titles used to refer to the Virgin Mary throughout history, at times reflect the changing attitudes towards her. Domina ladyRegina queen and Stella Maris star of the sea are some of the early titles of Mary, of which Regina is the earliest.
Domina and Sella Maris are found in Jerome who perhaps originated the etymology of Mary as Stella Maris in the 5th century. While the early emphasis in Stella Maris was on Mary as the Star that bore Christ, by the 9th century, the attention had focused on Mary herself, as indicated in the hymn Ave Maris Stella. By the 11th century, Mary herself had emerged as the star that acted as a guiding light. Among the most prominent Roman Catholic Marian titles are: . The Liturgy of the Hours includes several offices to be sung, including Compline.
At the close of this office, one of four Marian antiphons is sung. These songs, Alma redemptoris materAve Regina caelorumRegina caeliand Salve Reginahave been described as "among the most beautiful creations of the late Middle Ages". One of the earliest Marian compositions is the popular Salve Regina in Latin from a Benedictine monk, which exists in several Gregorian versions.
Hermann of Reichenau July 18, — September 24,composed the Alma redemptoris mater and hymns to Mary became Bad Girls (Radio Edit) - Marilyn - Bad Girls of daily life at monasteries such as the Benedictine Abbey of Cluny in France. While the date of the composition of Ave Regina caelorum is uncertain, conjecture that it antedates the fourth century seems to be without any warrant of external or internal evidence.
It is found in the St. Alban's Book of the Part-Time Love Affair - Max-A-Million - Take Your Time century. It is difficult to trace the beginning of non- Gregorian Marian liturgical music. Over the centuries, Marian master pieces have continued to appear, Devotion - Various - Jungle On The Streets . Mozart 's Coronation Mass.
Some of the best poetry written in honor of the Blessed virgin comes from this period of the Middle Ages. The earliest known Marian prayer is the Sub tuum praesidiumor Beneath Thy Protectiona text for The Union Forever - The White Stripes - White Blood Cells was rediscovered in on a papyrus in Egypt dated to c.